2- Smoking during pregnancy:
Smoking during pregnancy affects you and your baby's health before, during, and after birth. Cigarettes contain nicotine (the addictive substance in cigarettes), carbon monoxide, and numerous other toxic materials that you inhale. These are transported from your bloodstream and directly to your baby. As a result, smoking during pregnancy will have the following consequences:
-Lower the amount of oxygen available to you and the ferus
-Increase your baby's heart rate (fetal tachycardia)
-Increase the risks of spontaneous miscarriage and stillbirth.
-Increase the risk of premature birth and/or low birth weight.
-Increase the risk of respiratory (lung) problems in the baby
-Increases risks of birth defects.
-Increases risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) after birth
The more cigarettes you smoke per day, the greater your baby's chances of developing these and other health problems. Remember: there is no "safe" level of smoking while pregnant.
Secondhand smoke (also known as passive smoke or environmental tobacco smoke) is the combination of smoke from a burning cigarette and smoke exhaled by a smoker. What people do not realize is that the smoke that burns off the end of a cigarette or cigar actually contains more harmful substances (tar, carbon monoxide, nicotine, and others) than the smoke inhaled by the smoker.Regular exposure to secondhand smoke during pregnancy poses the hazards of increased risks of miscarriage, stillbirth, tubal pregnancy, low birth weight baby. Additionally, babies and children exposed to secondhand smoke may also develop asthma, allergies, more frequent lung and ear infections, and are at higher risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
Trying to quit smoking prior to conceiving is therefore highly recommended, by abiding by the following tips:
-Hide matches, lighters, and ashtrays.
-Home should be a non-smoking area.
-Ask people who smoke not to smoke around you.
-Cut down on caffeinated beverages; caffeine may stimulate your urge to smoke. -Avoid alcohol, as it may also increase your urge to smoke and is by itself be harmful to your baby (fetal alcohol syndrome: malformation of the face, the brain and the heart)
-Adopt new habits and change your habits connected with smoking. If you smoked while driving or when feeling stressed, try other activities to replace smoking.
-Use sugar-free mints or gum on hand for those times when you get the urge to smoke.
-Stay active to keep your mind off smoking and help relieve tension: take a walk, exercise, read a book, or try a new a hobby.
-Seek support from significant others.
-Avoid going to places where many people are smoking.